Robert Ryman biography
Robert Ryman (b. 1930, Nashville, TN) studied at the Tennessee Polytechnic Institute and the George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, before enlisting and serving in the United States Army (1950-52). In 1952 Ryman relocated to New York City, where, fifteen years later, he had his first solo exhibition. Since that time, Ryman's work has been the subject of over 80 solo exhibitions in 10 countries including a 1993-94 international, traveling retrospective jointly organized by the Tate Gallery, London, and the Museum of Modern Art, New York, whose venues also included the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid; The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; and the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Most recently in 2000-01, the Haus der Kunst, Munich, organized Robert Ryman Retrospective that later traveled to the Kunstmuseum Bonn. Ryman's work has been included in Documenta, Kassel, Germany (1972, 1977, 1982), the Venice Biennale (1976, 1978, 1980), the Whitney Museum of American Art Biennial, New York (1977, 1987, 1995) and the Carnegie International, Pittsburgh (1988). The recipient of numerous honors, Ryman has been awarded a John Simon Guggenheim Foundation Scholarship (1974), the Skowhegan Medal from the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture (1985), and was elected to The American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York (1994).
Ryman's work can be found in public collections throughout the United States and abroad including: the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; The Art Institute of Chicago; the Australian National Gallery, Canberra; the Des Moines Art Center; Fundaci— "la Caixa," Barcelona; the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC; the Israel Museum, Jerusalem; Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; Musˇe national d'art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Museum fŸr Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; the Philadelphia Museum of Art; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; the Tate Gallery, London; the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.